If scrub manufacturers gave slack and, as a result, this cosmetic product is used by all women without exception at home, then peeling manufacturers honestly defended the status of a professional cosmetic product. Therefore, most girls are well aware that peeling in cosmetology is one of the ways to deeply cleanse the skin, reduce pigmentation, rejuvenate it, and do not even try to carry out this procedure on their own, turning to a cosmetologist for it. And then, colleagues, our finest hour comes with you. Our task is once again to convince the client that it is the specialist who is able to carry out this procedure as efficiently as possible, protect him from complications and recommend qualified post-peeling care.
Peelings in modern cosmetology
None of the women can boast of perfect facial skin and you, colleagues, like no one else know about it. Indications for peelings: age spots, scars, aging (photo and chrono), acne, increased oily skin, redness, enlarged pores, tired, dull skin. Translated from English, “to peel” means “peel”, “peel”. Accordingly, its meaning is to exfoliate “old” cells and stimulate the formation of new ones. For reference: the average life cycle of epidermal cells is about 28 days. The dead layer makes it difficult to “breathe” the skin, moisturize it and consume the beneficial substances contained in skincare products. The action of peeling is based on the function of skin regeneration. That is, after the removal of dead cells, living cells are opened, due to which metabolic processes improve, renewal, synthesis of collagen and elastin are accelerated, and its appearance improves. Indications and contraindications of peelings Peeling as a cosmetic procedure can conditionally be divided into such varieties:
1. The degree of penetration
- Superficial – affects the epidermis.
- Median – in the radius of action of the upper layers of the dermis.
- Superficial-median – affects the upper layers of the dermis to the basement membrane.
- Deep – the procedure allows you to penetrate to the reticular layer of the dermis.
2. Age group
- 15-25 years old – solves skin problems of adolescence.
- 25-30 – hyperpigmentation, removal of acne and blackheads, the fight against the first signs of photoaging.
- 35-45 – pigmentation, scars, the first signs of aging. Maintaining skin firmness and elasticity by moisturizing the skin and its nutrition.
- 45-60 – age-related changes in the skin, its thinning, the fight against aging.
- after 61 – as a rule, the procedure precedes the operative plastic procedures.
3. Method of exposure
- Mechanical. Vacuum peeling, sandblasting microdermabrasion, gas-liquid peeling, scraping, manual or hardware peeling.
- Physical (hardware). Laser, ultrasound, cryo-peeling.
- Chemical peeling. The action of enzymes, acids (glycolic, azelaic, phytic, phenolic, lactic, etc.), enzymes and other bioactive substances. Such a variety of procedures obliges the beautician from A to Z to know the contraindications to peelings:
- allergic reactions to drugs;
- injuries (abrasions, scratches) of the desired area;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- acute herpes, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, warts;
- taking certain medications or hormones.
- Particular attention should be paid to chemical peeling for owners of dark skin and dark-skinned patients;
- The issue of conducting the procedure in the summer period is of acute importance. Of course, you as a specialist should consider each specific case separately, take into account the individual characteristics of the client and make the only right decision on the purpose and procedure.
What peelings should not be done in the summer?
In addition to individual medical contraindications for peeling, there are also seasonal ones. The main rule of summer peeling is that it should not affect the dermis. Only the stratum corneum of the skin should be affected. In the summer, taboos for mid and deep peels, including procedures with a high concentration of glycolic, pyruvic and salicylic acids, phenol peeling. After these procedures, in the summer, at best, the client will receive irritation, redness, discomfort. At worst, allergies and pigmentation. However, you, as a cosmetologist, can evaluate the condition of the skin, its individual characteristics, the need for the procedure, and choose the procedure that will be most effective and completely non-traumatic for your client. Gas-liquid peeling. Exposure is chilled saline and oxygen. Recommended for dry skin. It can be carried out with local inflammation. After this peeling, there are no contraindications to sunbathing.
Ultrasonic skin cleansing. Relieves skin from keratinized particles and improves blood circulation.
Laser More aggressive. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the body and objectively assess the need for its implementation.
Mesopilling. Indicated for use even on tanned skin.
Recommendations for post-peeling care
Not only the peeling process, but also the correct post-peeling care is a guarantee that your client will be satisfied, return to you and recommend you to others. So, if you and your client decide on summer peeling, then do not forget to explain several rules for leaving after:
- Do not go outside for the first 12 hours;
- Do not use any cosmetics during this period;
- After cleansing, use products for sensitive skin;
- Taboo on scrubs;
- Do not visit saunas and solariums;
- Drink plenty of fluids Over the next 2 weeks, protect the skin from sun exposure and use products with a high protection factor (SPF 50).